ProspenAfrica | Training and Consulting Services Provider

Basic Road Construction Principles

Road Layers, Storm Water Drainage and Road Maintenance

3 Day Training

Dates: 27 – 29 May 2024
Locations: Johannesburg, South Africa
Platform: Available In-Class / Online

Price: Available on Request

This is a Non-accredited Course

Course Introduction

This Basic Road Construction Principles training provides foundational knowledge for professional road construction work, and serves as a gateway to further study. It will teach students how to think critically about the selection of materials and construction methods for a variety of road facilities. Additionally, the unit will impart specialised technical and creative skills pertinent to present and future professional practise.


The overview of Road Layers, Storm Water Drainage and Road Maintenance will provide the student with both the practical and theoretical knowledge of the practices, procedures and equipment necessary for road construction.

Course Objectives

By attending this Basic Road Construction Principles training, delegates will be able to understand: 

  • The South African transport network & role-players

  • Basic terms and words used in road construction.

  • Various types of layers and their functions.

  • The binding agents that are most commonly used in the construction industry

  • The premix asphalt surfacing process

  • Road construction steps & methods for Gravel and Asphalt roads

  • Role of road maintenance in the broad context of provision, classification and cost-effective applications

  • The importance of adequate drainage and the effects on road maintenance

  • Fundamental safe working practices, identification and use of protective clothing and equipment

  • Applications and preparations to paint road symbols using a spray gun

Who should attend?

This Basic Road Construction Principles training is suitable to a wide range of professionals but will greatly benefit:

  • Persons who wish to broaden their knowledge, understanding of aspects of road construction and maintenance

  • Municipal workers out of various sections who must start to understand road construction & maintenance

  • Civil Consulting Engineers/Technicians

  • Contractors

  • Construction Inspectors and Supervisors

  • Road Maintenance Supervisors

  • Relevant Government employees/departments

Training methodology

Training Methodology

Our diverse instructional approaches ensure effective learning:

– Lectures & Presentations: Engage with expert-driven, stimulating content.
– Course Material: Access well-crafted supporting resources.
– Group Work: Collaborate on discussions and case studies for practical insights.
– Workshops & Role-Play: Participate in immersive, scenario-based activities.
– Practical Application: Focus on applying theoretical knowledge in real situations.
– Post-Training Support: Receive extensive support after training for skill implementation.

Training Outline

Module 1: Introduction to Road Construction

  • Role players in Road Construction in South Africa

  • Types of Road According to Usage

  • Definition of road pavement structure

  • Stable sub-layers and subgrade

  • Adequate water drainage

  • Bridge construction

  • The Road Reserve

  • Road Drainage Concepts

  • Road Worker Job Description & Function

Module 2: The Road Construction Process & Methods

  • Road construction Process Overview

  • Road construction methods, including:

  • Asphalt road construction

  • Concrete road construction

  • Water-bound macadam road construction

  • Murram road construction

  • Earth road construction

  • Gravel road construction

Module 3: Gravel Roads Construction Overview

  • Preparation of gravel roads

  • Clearing the pathway for the road

  • Preparation of roadbed (sub grade)

  • Construction procedure sub grade preparation

  • Tipping and treatment of gravel stockpiles along road

  • Addition of compaction water

  • Placing of steel side forms (shutters)

  • Placing of the layer

  • Compaction of layer

  • Pave only when ready

Module 4: Asphalt Roads Construction Overview

  • What is Asphalt?

  • Asphalt Properties & Uses

  • General Guidelines for Asphalt Construction

  • General Equipment for Asphalt Road Construction

  • Preparation of surface & paving asphalt mixtures

  • Paver tractor and screed units

  • Placement of reinforcement

  • Road Construction Techniques

  • Construction Staking

  • Clearing and Grubbing of the Road Construction Area

  • Compaction

Module 5: Road Maintenance

  • The objectives of Road Maintenance

  • Road Maintenance activities: routine, recurrent, periodic & urgent

  • Road Surface Maintenance

  • Emergency Storm Response

  • Methods to repair gravel roads

  • Types of asphalt road surface distress

  • Steps for Surface patch repairs for potholes

  • Detour Roads

  • Access Roads

  • Maintenance of Traffic

Module 6: Painting Road Symbols

  • Types of Road Symbols

  • Material, Paints and Colour requirements

  • What is Road Marking paint?

  • Instructions for applying road markings

  • Pavement Marking Removal methods

  • Safety guidelines when painting roads

Module 7: Safety practices for workers

  • Road construction and Maintenance hazards

  • Safety Policies & Procedures for road workers

  • Use of road signs in road construction and maintenance

  • Flagging guidelines

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