ProspenAfrica | Training and Consulting Services Provider

IFRS for the Upstream Oil and Gas Sector

4 Day Training

Dates: 20 – 23 May 2024
Locations: Johannesburg, South Africa
Platform: Available In-Class / Online

Price: Available on request

This is a Non-accredited Course

Course Introduction

This IFRS for the Upstream Oil and Gas Sector course provides a detailed review of significant IFRS requirements for the upstream oil and gas sector, including regulatory reporting and the diverse accounting practices that arise from the many commercial and contracting arrangements which are unique to it. It includes coverage of IFRSs, hands-on case studies, examples, exercises, and benefits from the interactive participation of the attendees. The program includes the latest pronouncements, and participants are brought up-to-date on all topics. In addition, participants are provided with information to assist them in researching accounting issues and monitoring future changes.


This IFRS for the Upstream Oil and Gas Sector course looks in depth at accounting practices permitted by IFRS 6 within the exploration and development phase by reviewing these against benchmark treatments in US GAAP. It goes on to consider how IFRS is applied in the development and production phases. In doing so it looks at the unique features posed by joint venture operations and contracting arrangements, in particular Production Sharing Agreements. Detailed treatments of revenues, costs, accounting for taxation arrangements and conveyances will also be considered. In addition, the application of IFRS best practices in management reporting will be considered including chart of accounts, reporting by operators to partners and key financial and reserves reporting metrics used by the industry.


This IFRS for the Upstream Oil and Gas Sector course is ideal for individuals with financial responsibilities who are new to the oil and gas industry or to accountants operating in the industry. It will review accounting requirements from pre-exploration to production for reporting internally, externally and to partners under the unique contractual arrangements common to this industry.


This IFRS for the Upstream Oil and Gas Sector course answers questions such as:

  • How to understand and apply IFRS to oil and gas exploration, development and production activities?

  • When to capitalise and when to expense under IFRS during exploration and development and how does the diversity in accounting practices in the extractive industry affect financial reporting?

  • How do IFRS reporting requirements interact with reporting between venturers and the State?

  • What are the characteristics of Production Sharing Agreements and how are these reflected in the financial statements?

  • What methods of units of production calculation are permitted and what is best practice?

  • When and how to assess unproved and proved properties for impairment?

  • What are the main revenue recognition issues faced by the industry?

  • How do different tax regimes impact upon financial reporting?

  • How to calculate and interpret financial and operational metrics used to analyse the costs, profitability, efficiency, and value added by a firm’s exploration and production activities?

  • How do oil and gas companies present their financial statements when reporting under IFRS?

  • What are the implications for the oil and gas industry of the IASB’s project on extractive industries and of other current IFRS developments?

  • How does the investor in a joint venture account for its interest and how does the operator account to its partners?

  • How does an oil and gas company establish its chart of accounts?

  • What are the management accounting and reporting requirements internally and between venturers?

  • What does IFRS have to say about asset exchanges and conveyances of oil and gas interests?

  • How to account for decommissioning costs and rehabilitation funds under IFRS?

Course Objectives

At the end of the IFRS for the Upstream Oil and Gas Sector training the delegates are expected to understand:

  • Apply IFRS to oil and gas exploration, development and production activities

  • Judge when to capitalise and when to expense under IFRS during exploration and development

  • Identify the differences in treatment between accounts prepared under IFRS and those prepared under PSAs

  • Evaluate the impact of using different units of production methods to calculate DD&A

  • Describe the principal assumptions needed to conduct impairment reviews and to establish decommissioning provisions under IFRS

  • When and how to assess unproved and proved properties for impairment

  • Calculate and interpret financial and operational metrics used to analyse costs, profitability, efficiency, and value added by a firm’s exploration and production activities

  • Prepare cash call requests, joint billing statements and cut back entries

  • Develop the key components of an oil and gas chart of accounts

  • Evaluate the impact of acquisitions, disposals and exchanges of oil and gas properties on the financial statements

Who should attend?

  • Financial accountants in the oil and gas industry

  • Management accountants of IOC’s and NOC’s

  • Internal and external auditors of oil and gas companies reporting under IFRS

  • Staff of revenue authorities and NOC’s working with IOC’s

Training methodology

Training Methodology

Our diverse instructional approaches ensure effective learning:

– Lectures & Presentations: Engage with expert-driven, stimulating content.
– Course Material: Access well-crafted supporting resources.
– Group Work: Collaborate on discussions and case studies for practical insights.
– Workshops & Role-Play: Participate in immersive, scenario-based activities.
– Practical Application: Focus on applying theoretical knowledge in real situations.
– Post-Training Support: Receive extensive support after training for skill implementation.

Training Outline

  • Fundamental Concepts of Oil and Gas Accounting Methods

    • Characteristic Features of the Oil and Gas Industry

    • Scale of operations

    • Nature and timing of cash flows

    • Risks

  • IFRS fundamentals

    • The conceptual framework

    • Selection of accounting policies (IAS 8)

    • Overview of successful efforts vs. full cost methods

  • Concepts of oil and gas accounting

    • Life cycle if operations

    • Interaction between IFRS and national oil and gas reporting practices as developed by the USA and other countries

  • Presentation of financial statements by IFRS reporters

    • Application of IAS 1 Presentation, and IAS 7 Statement of cash flows and IFRS 8 Operating segments

    • Influence on presentation of past practices and regulatory listing requirements

    • Introduction to reporting of oil and gas operations, properties and reserves

  • Accounting for exploration and evaluation

    • IFRS definitions of tangible and intangible assets (IAS 16 and IAS 38) and scope exclusions

    • Accounting for pre-exploration expenditures

    • Review of purpose and nature of IFRS 6

    • Full cost methods of accounting during the exploration and evaluation stage, comparing US GAAP treatments to those permitted under IFRS 6

    • Successful efforts methods during exploration and evaluation, comparing US GAAP treatments to those permitted under IFRS 6

    • Treatment of non-drilling exploration activities, dry holes, appraisal activities, impairment reviews of unproved property and upon completion of evaluation

    • Comparison of benchmark methods to other treatments found under IFRS

  • Accounting for development

    • Distinguishing between development activities and exploration or production activities

    • Treatment of dry holes and unanticipated expenditures

    • Application of impairment methods under IAS 36

    • Application of IAS 38 and IAS 16 to development phase activities

  • Borrowing costs

    • Application of IAS 23, capitalization of borrowing costs to exploration and development

    • When to commence and cease capitalization

    • What rate to use

  • Retirement obligations / decommissioning

    • Review of provision principles in IAS 37

    • Application to environmental damage

    • Application to asset retirement obligations, when to commence recognition, how to estimate the liability, what discount rate to use, how to account for changes in estimates

    • Accounting for rehabilitation funds (IFRIC 5)

  • Production

    • Stores and warehouse inventory

    • Workovers and recompletions

    • Methods of depreciation, depletion, and amortization; defining the cost centre, which reserves to use, how to adjust the numerator, shared production, depreciating common facilities

    • Asset impairment during the production phase

  • Revenue recognition

    • Revenue recognition under IFRS 15

    • Application to recognition (production, lifting, production inventory (IAS 2))

  • Reporting of reserves

    • Supplementary disclosure requirements relating to oil and gas producing activities required by SEC and other regulators including COGEH

    • Best practices from other IFRS reporters

    • SEC Oil & Gas Modernization Act

    • Where to find key data relating to firms’ exploration and production activities

    • Proved oil and gas reserve quantities

    • Costs incurred for property acquisition, exploration & development activities

    • The standardized measure of discounted future net cash flows (‘PV10’)

    • Update on the IASB’s project for Extractive Industries Financial Reporting

  • Performance metrics

    • Review of typical metrics used by analysts (internal and external)

    • Computation of metrics using published property, reserves and operational information

  • Taxation of oil and gas

    • Typical tax regimes

    • Distinguishing between revenue bases taxes and income based taxes

    • Accounting for and presentation of revenue based taxes

    • Accounting for taxation under IAS 12, including super taxes

    • Application of IAS 12 to oil and gas assets and decommissioning liabilities

  • Joint operations and joint ventures

    • Reasons for joint arrangements in the industry

    • Nature of joint venture and joint operations

    • Accounting for contributions by the venturers

    • Under and over lift and methods of diverse methods of accounting for it

    • Identification of joint ventures (entities) and accounting for them under IAS 28 in the economic entity and separate financial statements

  • Production sharing agreements (PSA/PSC)

    • What are PSA’s and where are they found?

    • What are the typical provisions within a PSA

    • Running the economics of a PSA, impact on reserves, production

    • Cost oil and profit oil and revenue share

    • Pre and post-tax arrangements including tax barrels and pay on behalf of regimes

    • Understanding the differences between IFRS treatments and PSA treatments of capex, opex, recoverable and unrecoverable costs

    • IFRS treatment of oil and gas assets, reporting of reserves and calculating DDA in PSAs

    • Comparison with treatments under other contractual arrangements (risk sharing and technical service agreements)

  • Accounting for acquisitions, asset exchanges and conveyances

    • Typical types of acquisition, exchange and conveyances within the industry

    • Identification of asset acquisitions from business combinations (application of IFRS 3) and impact upon accounting

    • Recognition and measurement of goodwill arising from business combinations

    • Asset exchanges in the exploration phase, relevance of US GAAP treatments in an IFRS environment

    • Treatments of pooling of interests, unitizations and farm-in, farm-out arrangements, comparing US GAAP treatments to treatments emerging under IFRS

    • Asset exchanges involving cash consideration and partial and full disposals of properties


Knowledge of basic accounting under any national standards. No advance preparation is required for this course.

Request a call back

Related Courses

Accounting For Value Added Tax
Dates: 04 - 05 Apr 2024

Accouting for Value Added Tax

2 Day Training

View More
Accounting For Value Added Tax (With Updates)
Dates: 27 Mar 2024

Accounting For Value Added Tax (With Updates)

1 Day Training

View More
Accounts Payables, Reconciliations and Income Tax Training
Dates: 10 - 11 Apr 2024

Accounts Payables, Reconciliations and Income Tax Training

View More
Accounts Payable: From Accounting to Management
Dates: 17 - 18 Apr | 08 - 09 May 2024

Accounts Payable: From Accounting to Management

2 Day Training

View More

Open chat
Need Help? Chat with Us
Scan the code
Powered by Prospen Africa
Welcome to Prospen Africa!
Check out our 15% Off sale when you purchase QCTO Training Material